Research & Disaster Reports
Designated Research Projects
The DRI assigns designated research projects in which teams of some or all researchers work for a limited time to respond to a social need with flexibility and agility.
Study on gov’t aid to survivors in the Great East Japan Earthquake (FY2014-15)
Three years since the Great East Japan Earthquake struck, the government has implemented a variety of reconstruction policies. Of particular note are those of a less tangible nature led by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs & Communications (MIC) to provide survivors with aid. However, we are unable to ascertain the overall picture as to which projects have been carried out and to what degree; the facts about the measures taken in these projects and their impact remain unclear. Therefore, the basic premise of this study is to clarify these.
Study on securing workplaces for survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake (FY2015-16)
After the Great East Japan Earthquake, the government put together special budget measures to complement the Disaster Relief Act and funded projects of a more intangible nature. One such project, a program to secure workplaces for survivors, is currently being run based on special budget measures and private-sector funds. Looking ahead to the next major disaster, we may need to consider taking steps of a permanent sort. Thus, this study is proceeding with a primary focus on the following: to understand the overall picture of the program to secure workplaces for Great East Japan Earthquake survivors and to ask what sort of jobs for local residents it connects emergency response operations and restoration/reconstruction demand to; and to ask how this attempts to improve the quality of disaster response and the disaster zone’s post-restoration socioeconomic situation.
Study on preserving and inheriting memories and records of disasters (FY2014-15)
In the zone afflicted by the Great East Japan Earthquake, efforts were started up to record the tsunami damage and reconstruction process and to pass these records on. People are taking action to preserve and inherit the memories and records of natural disasters in the community. Museums with a message about disaster management have a significant presence. There may be a need to organize these sorts of things. In this study, researchers think more deeply about and make proposals on preserving and inheriting memories and records on local disasters in the future. The study looks at facts concerning existing exhibition facilities and local community efforts related to natural disasters, and bears in mind the status of initiatives in the area afflicted by the Great East Japan Earthquake.
Study on the nature of welfare evacuation shelters that give consideration to individuality (FY2015-16)
As of September 2012, 1,167 out of the 1,742 municipalities across Japan, or 67%, had at least one welfare evacuation shelter set up. Despite widespread knowledge on the need to set up welfare evacuation shelters, efforts toward implementing concrete measures face a variety of issues; they include problems concerning stockpiling supplies and assigning personnel. Furthermore, we lump all such sites into one category termed “welfare evacuation shelters,” but ideas on what facilities and environment are appropriate for an evacuation shelter differ depending on how one measures evacuees’ activities of daily living (ADL) and on physical (or other) disabilities. The purpose of this study is an examination of what kinds of measures are needed to 1) enable evacuation to locations that give consideration, in terms of welfare, to individual conditions (nursing, disabilities, etc.), and to 2) enable each evacuee to receive the support he or she requires.