In memory of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution

Data Collection & Preservation

Messages

Greetings from the Executive Director

Yoshiaki Kawata

Executive Director, Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institute

Yoshiaki Kawata
Director, Kansai University
Professor and Director, Research Center for Social Safety Science

The DRI has the capacity to handle: training for disaster response specialists; practical disaster management research and training for young disaster management specialists; local disaster response assistance; exchanges & networks; exhibits; and data collection & preservation. However, there is one component of our practical disaster training upon which we place particular importance: training for disaster response experts.

This training, which the DRI started up in 2002, has earned high marks from participants for its curriculum and lecture content. Even the highly-regarded Central Disaster Prevention Council of Japan sees this training as a program that improves the quality of our country’s disaster response personnel. And yet, to raise the content of the training to an even higher level, the DRI revamped the training system after giving due consideration to trainee assessments, their needs and requests from the public. As a result, since 2006 we have been offering a new curriculum.

Japan must prepare for the foreseeable disasters of the future such as earthquakes, torrential rains and typhoons. Another matter of great urgency is for our country to have the capacity to respond to major disasters, such as an earthquake along the Tokai, Tonankai and Nankai troughs or in Tokyo itself. In order to achieve this, I believe it incredibly vital that disaster personnel acquire the knowledge and skills they need to carry out their missions. In this training, DRI researchers receive practical and holistic instruction by planning and carrying out operations. In addition, our instructors have experience working on the front lines of disaster management. To encourage participants to join, we arrange the program so that trainees can improve their knowledge and skills at a manageable pace, and we make sure they gain pride from meeting goals and expectations.

Endorsement from the Cabinet Office of Japan

Hirofumi Hihara

Director-General for Policy Planning (Disaster Management), Cabinet Office
Hirofumi Hihara

Japan experiences a wide range of natural disasters due to its geography, terrain and weather. On occasion these events cause great harm to human life and property, but one particularly important lesson in disaster response that Japan learned came from the unprecedented damage wrought by the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. Meanwhile, there are concerns that a gigantic earthquake could occur along the Nankai Trough in the first half of the 21st century.

Therefore, the Japanese government has embarked on a thorough revision of its disaster response policies. We have twice revised the Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures and enacted laws on reconstruction in the wake of a major disaster. The Japanese government has taken this action in an attempt to enable institutions to respond rapidly to broad-area disasters, to better help victims and to bolster local disaster management capacity. But the question of whether we can utilize these capabilities so as to respond to disasters with speed and precision largely rests on whether the people involved can actually perform such tasks. The things that are of greatest importance are training personnel and elevating the skills of the relevant officials at local governments who are directly involved in such operations. I believe we must be proactive in moving forward on this issue.

The Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution conducts Training for Disaster Response Experts, a practical and systematic program based on the latest findings from disaster management research. Among the many participants who come from across Japan to receive this training are disaster management officials working for local governments. I would like us to aggressively utilize this training program to improve the skills of disaster management officials as well as to raise disaster response capabilities on the organizational level.

Endorsement from the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of Japan

Koji Nishito

Vice-Commissioner, Fire and Disaster Management Agency, Ministry of Internal Affairs & Communications

Koji Nishito

The Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 caused extensive damage across a vast area.

A variety of other natural disasters has also inflicted heavy damage elsewhere in Japan in recent years, such as the landslides in Hiroshima, the eruption of Mt. Ontakesan and the earthquake in northern Nagano Prefecture.

We are also concerned about the near future, as a very major earthquake could occur along the Nankai Trough or even in the city of Tokyo. Further beefing up our disaster management and crisis management infrastructure is a pressing matter indeed.

In order to strengthen our disaster management and crisis management, it is essential that we improve the crisis management skills of heads of local governments and other top officials as well as the practical response capabilities of disaster management personnel. Furthermore, we must raise the disaster management abilities of local residents and disaster management leaders in volunteer groups and elsewhere.

Course

Top Forum

Top Forum
Top Forum
Top Forum

This course for heads of local governments provides instruction on the nature of crisis management, with a focus on natural disasters. The purpose of this course is to further improve the disaster management and crisis management infrastructure of local governments through discussion on such topics as the leadership demanded of local government leaders when responding to sudden and unexpected disasters. The Top Forum course was designed based on the knowledge gleaned from the latest research findings.

The Top Forum course is held in Hyogo Prefecture. The training curriculum was designed with assistance from other Japanese prefectures. The training is provided at the Hyogo Prefecture Government Office and elsewhere.

In addition to talks by the Executive Director and leaders in disaster management research and practice, the curriculum includes a variety of mock exercises that are based on the lessons learned and experience gained from past disasters, as well as on findings from disaster management research.

In mock exercises, instructors use documentary footage to teach trainees about hypothetical scenarios involving damage caused by earthquakes, tsunami or other major disasters. They also use this material to teach about the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. When a disaster strikes, the participants in this program need to make important decisions quickly and under circumstances that may challenge them with a lack of information or other difficulties.

The trainees in this course learn about the role a head of local government should play.

Management Courses

These courses, which provide Training for Disaster Response Experts, are designed for disaster management officials working for local governments and other such professionals.

Practical training based on lessons from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake
The emphasis of this training is on learning the lessons gleaned from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. The content is practical, including mock exercises based on cases from real earthquakes.
Capable Instructors
Instructors in the Management Courses include the DRI Executive Director, the DRI’s Senior Researchers and academics from the Japanese government, as well as government officials and volunteers who were on the front lines responding to the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake.
Curriculum designed to impart the necessary disaster management skills

The ultimate goal of the Management Courses is to train personnel who will be at the center of disaster response operations.
The curriculum is set up so that trainees can improve the skills and knowledge they need as disaster management officials at a pace that suits their experience.

Planning and execution by specialists
The DRI’s researchers are actively involved in planning and executing the training program by lending their diverse expert perspectives to its design.
Course Objective Created for
Management Course
Advanced
The goal of the Advanced Course is to upgrade the capabilities of advisers to local government leaders and to engage in deeper learning about matters that will require policy decisions when major earthquakes occur in the future. One way trainees do this is by interacting with researchers and sharing ideas in small groups. Officials at local governments’ disaster management and crisis management offices who may be expected to lead those offices in the future
Management Course
Expert
When a major disaster occurs, officials must carry out a variety of responses all at the same time. Trainees in this course study this topic through specific case studies of disaster responses and mock exercises. The goal is for them to gain an overall understanding of the situation and improve their ability to handle their duties.
For example, one exercise in the course has the trainees learn about exchanging information between organizations as they consider the layout for setting up a disaster response center for a local government.
Officials at local governments’ disaster management and crisis management offices
Management Course
Basic
Trainees systematically study through mock exercises and lectures on basic matters. These matters include disaster response measures that are based on our experience with the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and theory relating to how disasters occur. Relatively inexperienced officials at local governments’ disaster management and crisis management offices

Special Courses

The Japanese government must respond to a wide range of disasters. There are numerous challenges confronting the many agencies on all levels of the government: national, prefectural and municipal. Among them are frontline organizations like fire departments and the Self-Defense Forces. The DRI created the Special Courses—classified as Training for Disaster Response Experts—to delve deeper into these kinds of disaster response issues. Topics and eligible participants are limited. The courses provide a practical and effective curriculum.

The purpose of this course is to enable officials engaged in running a local government’s disaster response center to do their job well and better inform the public when responding to a disaster.

One major goal of this course is to teach trainees how to think so they can decide how a local government will respond as an organization to a major disaster and operate in line with that policy to actively inform the public.

We aim for a more practical curriculum they goes beyond mere drills on a map: researchers use the knowledge they have accumulated to give stimulating lectures, while trainees perform mock exercises in an inland earthquake scenario in a fictitious area by using a map exercise system developed by the DRI.

Special CoursesSpecial CoursesSpecial Courses

Special Training

The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has contracted the DRI to conduct separate national and local training sessions for participants to learn about disaster response measures while studying case studies about Japan’s disaster management infrastructure. This program is intended to inform the world about Japan’s experience with the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and the lessons we learned from the disaster.

Special TrainingSpecial Training

Other Training

Volunteer Coordinator Course

Private organizations across Japan have accumulated a great deal of knowledge about disaster response through their experience handling the numerous disasters that have occurred since the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. By partnering with people involved in civic action related to disaster relief and reconstruction, this course provides knowledge that is both practical and useful, with the goal of teaching students how to put this knowledge into practice.

The Fruits of Our Labor

The Fruits of Our Labor

Top Forum

Top Forum

The DRI’s goal was to develop a standard curriculum geared toward local government leaders. The Top Forum has stimulated participants to think about the role of local government leaders (including directors of disaster response centers), decision-making bodies and government offices.
The DRI has compiled a collection of ideas and training exercises that is provided to Top Forum coordinators.

Map Drills & Publicity Course

Map Drills & Publicity Course

We provide open access to information about this course, including its objectives, to give local governments helpful ideas they can use when conducting exercises with maps or carrying out other related work.

Lessons from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake

Lessons from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake

“Lessons from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake” is a textbook compiled in Hyogo Prefecture by the UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, with assistance from the JICA Hyogo Disaster Reduction Learning Center. Originally written in Japanese, it has been translated into three other languages.

Practical Workshop Guide for Disaster Volunteers

Practical Workshop Guide for Disaster Volunteers

The DRI has produced a textbook based on the Volunteer Coordinator Course so that organizers can reproduce workshops designed to improve disaster response capabilities.